Course Descriptions

The following courses are available in the PACS program:

PACS 234 Introduction to Speech and Hearing Sciences and Disorders
Introduction to the fields of speech-language pathology, audiology, education of hearing-impaired children, and speech and hearing sciences. Normal speech and hearing processes are discussed, as well as communication disorders. Selected research topics in speech and hearing sciences are presented. Credit 3 units.

PACS 401 Anatomy and Physiology of Speech and Hearing
Introduction to anatomy and physiology of the peripheral hearing system and central nervous system, including functional descriptions of the systems and processes underlying speech and hearing function and dysfunction. Variable credit, maximum 3 units.

PACS 4011 Behavior Management
Introduction to various behavior management systems effective in both individual and group environments. Behavior interventions, classroom management strategies, environmental controls, psychodynamic techniques, and biophysical interventions are discussed, observed, and practiced. Focus is on working with children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Lectures and experience with children. Credit 2 units.

PACS 416 Evaluation Techniques for Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
A basic introduction to psychometrics with emphasis on the selection, interpretation, and evaluation of assessments. Specific techniques for evaluating intellectual, educational and linguistic abilities and achievement in children who are deaf or hard of hearing, from infancy through adolescence, are discussed and demonstrated.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 421 Introduction to Electroacoustics
Introduction to the physics of sound.  Topics include production, transmission, and reception of sound and factors affecting human communication. Includes discussion, lectures, problems and lab. Credit 3 units.

PACS 424 Speech and Hearing Sciences
Surveys a broad array of speech and hearing science topics. Focus is on how speech and hearing science research findings can be applied to the practice of deaf education. Credit 1 unit.

PACS 4301 Sign Language I
Basics of American Sign Language are introduced, including vocabulary, grammatical structure, fingerspelling, and cultural information about the Deaf community. This is a highly interactive and participatory course. Credit 2 units.

PACS 4302 Sign Language II
Continues development of American Sign Language with additional vocabulary, emphasis on expressive and receptive abilities, conversational skills, and knowledge of Deaf culture. This is a highly interactive and participatory course. Prerequisite: PACS 4301-Sign Language I. Credit 2 units.

PACS 434 Typical Language Development
Study of typical language development, including the phonologic, morphologic, semantic, syntactic and metalinguistic aspects. Interactions between linguistic and other areas of child development will be discussed. Contrasts will be explored between typical and atypical child development to shed light on language learning processes. Credit 3 units.

PACS 438. Early Literacy Development of Children who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Development of early print-recognition, reading, and writing of children who are typically hearing and children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Focus is on the years leading up to kindergarten. An overarching theme is the interaction between early language and early literacy development. Evidence-based strategies for differentiated instruction will also be discussed. Credit 3 units.

PACS 444 Amplification Systems and Aural Rehabilitation for Children
This course will provide students with a broad understanding of amplification systems and principles and methods of aural rehabilitation as they apply to children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Amplification systems to be covered will include digital hearing aids, cochlear implants and a full range of assistive devices. Aural rehabilitation topics will emphasize patient management and will include communication strategies, conversation styles and speech recognition assessment. Students will be provided with videotapes, live demonstrations and in-class activities. Direct contact with children and technological devices will also be used to support lectures and discussions. Credit 2 units.

PACS 4500 Observation in Deaf Education
Supervised observation of children who are deaf or hard of hearing in educational settings. Credit variable, maximum 6 units.

PACS 4511 Practicum in Deaf Education
Supervised practicum in education of children who are deaf or hard of hearing Students will be placed in field experiences (early, mid-level, and culminating levels) in a variety of educational settings with a variety of age ranges, using interventions in areas such as language, speech, auditory training, reading, math, and other content areas. Credit 7 units.

PACS 4512 Practicum in Deaf Education
Supervised practicum in education of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Students will be placed in field experiences (early, mid-level, and culminating levels) in a variety of educational settings with a variety of age ranges, using interventions in areas such as language, speech, auditory training, reading, math, and other content areas. Credit 7 units.

PACS 4515 Language Instruction for Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Principles and methods of developing competence in spoken English in children who are deaf or hard of hearing, birth to grade 12. Includes presentation of differentiated instructional techniques for teaching a diverse population of children who are deaf or hard of hearing, English vocabulary, syntax and pragmatics, and techniques for auditory training. Evaluations and data-driven lesson planning/IEP/IFSP development will be discussed as well as the role of families as engaged educational partners in spoken language development. Credit 3 units.

PACS 4525 Foundations of Literacy Theory and Instruction
Principles and methods of developing reading and writing competence in children who are typically hearing, with an emphasis on the stages of development and appropriate teaching sequences. Based on this foundation, strategies and methods will be presented for making appropriate differentiated learning adaptations and interventions for reading instruction with students who are deaf or hard of hearing who have language and reading deficits. Additional topics include the use of children’s literature in instruction, the intersection of language and reading development, content literacy, and general language arts instruction. Credit 4 units.

PACS 4526. Literacy Lab: A Focus on Typical and Atypical Learners
Emphasizes observation and some practice planning and teaching reading and writing with students who are typical and atypical learners, including children who are deaf or hard of hearing and who struggle to develop appropriate literacy skills. Observations will focus on areas such as how teachers use differentiated learning strategies for diverse learners, the use of children’s literature in instruction, the intersection of language and reading development, instruction in content literacy, and general language arts instruction. Credit 2 units.

PACS 454 Mathematics and Content-Area Instruction for Children who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing I
Principles and methods of teaching mathematics to students who are typically hearing and those who are deaf or hard of hearing. Strategies for other content-area instruction (science, social studies), use of instructional technology, and strategies for improving content literacywill also be discussed, with an emphasis on techniques for working with children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Students will practice developing and implementing lesson plans that are aligned to state and national standards. Credit 3 units.

PACS 455 Mathematics and Content-Area Instruction for Children who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing II
A continuation of PACS 454. Principles and methods of teaching mathematics to students who are typically hearing and those who are deaf or hard of hearing. Strategies for other content-area instruction (science, social studies), use of instructional technology, and strategies for improving content literacy will also be discussed, with an emphasis on techniques for working with children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Students will practice developing and implementing lesson plans that are aligned to state and national standards. Credit 3 units.

PACS 457 Counseling Parents of Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Examines the psychological needs of families who have children who are deaf or hard of hearing. The aim of the course is to help teachers of children who are deaf or hard of hearing interact more effectively with parents and caregivers, using a collaborative model that views families as engaged partners in the educational process. Students will develop a repertoire of interviewing and counseling skills, as well as learn about a wealth of resources to share with families. Credit 3 units.

PACS 458 Speech for Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Development, improvement and maintenance of speech skills for children who are deaf or hard of hearing through multisensory approaches. Articulation, voice and rhythm patterns are considered. Lectures, demonstrations and practice. Credit 3 units.

PACS 460 Observation and Practicum in Audiology
Supervised observation and practicum in audiology. Credit 1 unit.

PACS 4610 Practicum in Audiology
Supervised practicum in Audiology. Credit 3 units

PACS 4611 Practicum in Audiology
Supervised practicum in audiology. Credit 3 units.

PACS 4612 Practicum in Audiology
Supervised practicum in audiology. Credit 3 units.

PACS 4613 Practicum in Audiology
Supervised practicum in audiology.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 4614 Practicum in Audiology
Supervised practicum in audiology. Credit 3 units.

PACS 4615 Practicum in Audiology
Supervised practicum in audiology. Credit 3 units.

PACS 4620 Clinical Externship in Audiology
Full-time clinical externship in audiology (on campus).  Credit 12 units.

PACS 4621 Clinical Externship in Audiology
Full-time clinical externship in audiology (on campus).  Credit 12 units.

PACS 4630 Clinical Externship in Audiology
Full-time clinical externship in audiology (off campus). Credit 12 units.

PACS 4631 Clinical Externship in Audiology
Full-time clinical externship in audiology (off campus). Credit 12 units.

PACS 466 Rehabilitative Audiology
Principles and methods of aural rehabilitation with an emphasis on patient management.  Topics include communication strategies and conversation styles, speech recognition assessment and hearing aid service provisions for adults, older persons, children, and family members. Credit 3 units.

PACS 468 Pediatric Audiology
Fundamentals of audiologic assessment for infants and children. Behavioral and electrophysiologic procedures and assessment of auditory processing abilities are presented. Credit 3 units.

PACS 470 Practice Management in Audiology
Issues relating to establishing a private practice including clinical management, small business and accounting practices, models of private practice, referrals and reimbursement, and managed care.  Credit 2 units.

PACS 5001 Electrophysiologic Techniques I
Introduces basic concepts in administration and interpretation of physiologic and electrophysiologic measures, with focus on auditory evoked potentials (AEP).  Content covers basic instrumentation, parameters and variables affecting the AEP, auditory brainstem response (ABR), middle (MLR) and late (LLR) evoked potentials, auditory steady state response (ASSR) and otoacoustic emissions (OAE).  Credit 3 units.

PACS 5002 Electrophysiologic Techniques II
Advanced concepts related to the administration and interpretation of physiologic and electrophysiologic measures. Content includes in-depth study of ABR and other auditory evoked potentials, and the clinical application of these for the audiologist.  Additional topics include study of electrocochleography (ECochG), P300 auditory responses, and mismatched negativity (MMN). This course will include a thorough study of intraoperative monitoring including neurophysiology and anatomy review, cranial nerve monitoring, spinal cord monitoring, and facial nerve monitoring. Credit 1 unit.

PACS 502 Pharmacology
Includes basic information related to medications utilized for treating common hearing/balance disorders. Hearing and balance side effects of medications are discussed, as are ototoxic and preventative mechanisms related to pharmacology.  Credit 1 unit.

PACS 505 Auditory Neuroscience
Development of an in-depth understanding of issues related to auditory neurophysiology from the auditory nerve to the cortex.  Credit 2 units.

PACS 506 Genetics in Hearing Loss
Study of the genetic causes of hearing loss and balance disorders, and syndromes affecting the auditory and vestibular systems.  Credit 1 unit.

PACS 507 Vestibular Disorders
Comprehensive course covering the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of vestibular disorders.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 510 Auditory Perception
Study of how the listener perceives parameters of and differences in acoustical stimuli. Perception of the speech stimulus is also studied in detail, both for listeners who are typically-developing and those who are deaf or hard of hearing.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 511 Hearing Conservation
This course will cover topics related to hearing conservation, including effects of noise on hearing, environmental noise, classroom acoustics, federal regulations, interactions of noise and other agents, and ototoxicity. Additional topics may vary year-to-year.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 517 Counseling for Audiology
Examines the relationship between clinician and patient in audiology.  Topics include counseling theory and practices, and principles and methods of effective interviewing and counseling across the lifespan.  Credit 2 units.

PACS 519 Psychosocial and Educational Foundations of Deafness
Examines psychological, social, educational, legal, historical, and cultural influences related to individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. Additional topics include IEPs and interprofessional collaboration related to post-high school transitions. Credit 2 units.

PACS 543 Survey of Speech and Language Disorders
Surveys a broad range of speech and language disorders in terms of associated characteristics, assessment techniques and treatment considerations.  Credit 2 units.

PACS 544 Clinical Observation and Methods in Speech-Language Pathology
Provides students with an introduction to clinical methods and observation experiences in speech-language pathology. Credit 3 units.

PACS 551 Research Seminar
This course covers topics related to outcomes research and evidence-based practice as a foundation for students’ independent studies. Topics such as how to be a critical thinker skills when reviewing research data from studies, and how to use data from research to drive decision-making will be discussed. Credit 0.5 units.

PACS 551A Journal Club
Presentation and discussion of current issues and recent research in the fields related to hearing and deafness. Credit variable, maximum 6 units.

PACS 554 Fundamentals of Early Intervention and Child Development
Course provides information about general and exceptional child development, focusing on ages birth through five years. Course also discusses historical and philosophical tenets of early intervention practice, focusing on a collaborative coaching model, which views families as engaged partners in the child’s education. Other topics include addressing needs of families from a variety of cultural and economic backgrounds, linking families to resources, and Federal laws that govern special education services for children with disabilities including transitions in service provisions for children at the age of 3 years. Credit 1 unit.

PACS 555 Early Intervention: Serving Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing, Birth to Age 5
This course provides an overview of early childhood development of children who are deaf or hard of hearing, birth to age 5, with particular focus on early speech and language development, intervention strategies, assessment techniques, instructional strategies, and aural rehabilitation. Course discusses the philosophical tenets of early intervention practice, which views families as engaged partners in the child’s education, and respects cultural and linguistic diversity. Students will learn about IFSP and IEP development, as well as a variety of resources that can be provided to families. Credit 3 units.

PACS 558 Pre-Service Teacher Preparation
This course is designed to help students in the deaf education teacher training program create a teaching portfolio that reflects their own teaching development. Students will demonstrate their ability to reflect on and critique their own teaching practice especially in relation to course planning, instructional strategies, differentiated learning, data-based decision-making, tiered systems for supporting instruction, and classroom management. Professional issues, including developing a résume and conducting interviews, will also be discussed. Credit 1 unit.

PACS 5601 Clinical Audiology I
An introduction to the field of clinical audiology. Covers the role of the audiologist in the diagnosis and treatment of hearing disorders; the administration and interpretation of audiologic test results; and amplification systems and assistive devices, such as DM/FM technology. Additional topics may include relevant calibration and instrumentation requirements, audiology as a career, aural rehabilitation, and legal and ethical issues in the field. Credit 3 units.

PACS 5602 Clinical Audiology II
Covers hearing evaluation and diagnosis in clinical audiology from infancy through adulthood.  Topics include auditory processing disorders, functional hearing loss, and other advanced measures.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 565 Hearing Devices in Audiology I
Philosophical issues related to the selection and evaluation of hearing devices, including hearing aids and alternative devices.  Means of adjusting hearing devices and measuring their function and benefit are covered.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 5652 Hearing Devices in Audiology II
Advanced issues related to the selection and evaluation of hearing aids. Means of adjusting hearing aids and measuring their function and benefit.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 5653 Hearing Devices in Audiology III
Course covers a variety of topics related to selection, fitting and rehabilitation of cochlear implant patients. Lectures and practical experience in psychophysical testing, programming of the cochlear implant, and auditory training.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 569 Hearing Disorders
This course covers the nature and causes of hearing disorders, including outer and middle ear, cochlear, retrocochlear and central nervous system.  Credit 2 units.

PACS 570 Independent Study
Independent work on the Independent Study.   Credit variable, maximum 6 units.

PACS 5700 Capstone Project
Independent work on the Capstone Project.   Credit variable, maximum 6 units.

PACS 5701 Capstone Project Seminar
This weekly, joint meeting is intended to provide extra and preliminary support for initiation of the Capstone Project. Areas will include, but are not limited to: journal article critique, scientific writing, overview of research design and methodologies, statistical review, support for graph and table construction, and others. Credit 1 unit.

PACS 574 Statistics and Research Methods
Examines experimental and field research methods as they apply to audiology and communication sciences. Covers such methods as surveys, survey interviews, content analysis, and experimental design.  Credit 3 units.

PACS 575 Special Topics
Special topics in speech and hearing sciences, audiology, and/or education of the deaf or hard of hearing. Credit variable, maximum 4 units.

PACS 577 Research in Speech and Hearing
Credit variable, maximum 12 units.

PACS 587 Dissertation Research
Credit variable, maximum 12 units.

PACS 597 Mentored Teaching Experience in Speech and Hearing
Supervised instructional experience as a graduate teaching assistant. Under faculty supervision, teaching assistants may earn credit by instructing undergraduate or graduate students in courses offered by PACS. Credit variable, maximum 12 units.